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Tuesday, June 25, 2024

Tsubushian (Mashed Candy Bean Paste) 餡子

Discover ways to make Tsubushian (crushed candy bean paste), the traditional mashed Japanese crimson bean paste. This do-it-yourself recipe guides you thru creating this versatile paste, excellent for an array of conventional Japanese sweets.

Anko is the idea of many Japanese sweets. The tactic of creating candy crimson bean paste is comparatively straight ahead when made at residence. If you happen to love Japanese desserts, you may love do-it-yourself anko!

Desk of Contents

  • what’s anko?
  • how you can make anko
  • varieties of anko
  • how you can make tsubushian
  • how you can make tsubuan or koshian
  • prime suggestions for making anko
  • how you can retailer anko
  • recipes utilizing tsubushian

What’s Anko?

Anko ((餡子 or あんこ), additionally known as An (餡), is Japanese candy crimson bean paste made out of azuki beans, sugar and salt. It’s a vital ingredient for contemporary and conventional Japanese sweets. There are numerous varieties of anko, however as we speak I will be sharing how you can make tsubushian.

What’s Tsubushian?

Tsubushian is a sort of anko that’s mashed, however nonetheless incorporates the pores and skin of the azuki beans.

Find out how to Make Anko

Relying on the kind of anko, they’re all made barely in another way. Typically, it’s made by cooking the adzuki beans till mushy, mashing them (for tsubishian and koshian) after which including sugar to sweeten it. For some makes use of, it’s then lowered to make a thicker paste for stuffed desserts similar to taiyaki, dorayaki and daifuku.

Find out how to Make Tsubushian (Chunky Mashed Candy Purple Bean Paste) + Suggestions

This methodology of creating tsubushian is tailored from my grandmothers recipe. It does take a bit longer to make however it guarantees retaining as a lot of the azuki beans pure flavour whereas nonetheless eradicating the astringency and bitterness. I can even be sharing a faster and simpler technique to make anko for tsubuan and a stress cooker / prompt pot methodology for koshian quickly. You need to use any of the strategies and easily simply mash it all the way down to make tsubushian.

A fast rundown:

  1. Soak beans (non-compulsory)
  2. Shibukiri (渋切り): take away bitterness and astringency by boiling the beans and discarding the water
  3. Prepare dinner beans: till mushy and you’ll squish the beans between your fingers simply
  4. Mizu salashi (水さらし): this step of preserves the flavour of azuki by saving the bits that get launched from the beans known as ‘go’ (ゴ)
  5. Sweeten beans: mix the ‘go’, sugar and beans, and funky in a single day.
  6. Thicken into paste: relying on what you make

Suggestions for Making Scrumptious Anko

Soaking Adzuki Beans

My grandma and mother at all times soaked the beans for twenty-four hours prior as a result of it’s cooks quicker. Nonetheless, it’s not required. Adzuki beans soak up water in another way than different beans. Most beans soak up water via their skins, however adzuki beans soak up water via their seed buds (white streaks). This implies it takes for much longer to soak them in water. If you wish to soak the beans, soak for no less than 24 hours.

Relying on the kind of anko I’m making and the kind of beans I’m utilizing, I’ll purposely skip this step. For instance, if I am making tsubuan. Soaking it in a single day makes it extra doubtless break open within the cooking course of, which isn’t preferrred for tsubuan. Moreover, if the insides comes out you find yourself throwing away the scrumptious half in the course of the technique of shibukiri.

Shibukiri (eradicating bitterness and astringency)

That is the method of eradicating the astringency of the bean. What number of instances this course of is finished varies from as soon as as much as 4 instances. The extra you do it, the extra ‘clear’ the flavour tastes since you take away the bitterness. Nonetheless, you lose a number of the adzuki flavour and color. It is mentioned that actually scrumptious wagashi retailers do that a number of instances, which is why their anko is lighter in color. I do it 2-3 instances, however experiment and discover what flavour you want.

Bikuri Mizu (びっくり水)

That is the method of including chilly water to a pot or surprising the beans in chilly water after boiling. Azuki beans have thick skins and softer insides, so once you boil them, the quantity of water absorbed differs between the floor and inside. By the point the within of the bean is cooked, the pores and skin is just too mushy and breaks, inflicting the insides to come back out. So the explanation we do that is to decrease the temperature equalize the floor and inner temperature of the beans. This helps the beans soak up the water extra slowly for even cooking (it makes it simpler for the new water to penetrate to the core of the beans) and preserves the azuki beans flavour.

Mizu Salashi: Protect the ‘go’ (ゴ)

The following step is the place my grandmothers recipe barely diverges and does the method of mizu salashi. The cooked beans are crammed with water after which rested to let the adzuki beans and ‘particles’ known as ‘go’ sink. Then the water on prime is drained, and the remaining liquid and beans are strained via a colander. Carry the colander and let the ‘go’ sink to the underside. Fastidiously pressure the liquid on prime and add that ‘go’ to a clear pot.

Cool the Beans

By cooling the beans proper after including sugar, the sweetness intensifies via to the centre of the beans.

Sweetness of Anko (Bean to Sugar Ratio)

Typically, Anko’s bean to sugar ratio is 1:1. It may be as little as 70% and as much as 120% relying on the recipe, store, utilization and sort of sugar used. Nonetheless, observe that the sugar just isn’t solely used for sweetening, but in addition to protect the paste to last more. Additionally consider what you’ll use the anko for. Usually it is served with somebody unsweetened, so the anko ought to be sweeter to compensate. Moreover, take into account that the sweetness will intensify because it rests.

I additionally add mizuame (water sweet) to my anko, which is why I take advantage of rather less sugar. If not utilizing water sweet, enhance trhe quantity of sugar.


Like with many different desserts and sweets, salt is added to reinforce the flavour and sweetness. I sometimes use about 1- 1.5% of salt, relying on what I am making.

Controlling the thickness

If making zenzai or oshiruko, there is no want to scale back the anko. Nonetheless, when making anko for wagashi desserts and for toppings, thicken to the purpose the place you’ll be able to draw a line on the underside of the pot. Instantly switch to a baking tray to forestall additional cooking. The candy bean paste will thicken considerably because it cools. Cowl with cling wrap or a lid.


  1. What kind of sugar can I take advantage of? You need to use any sugar you want. I like to recommend cane sugar for probably the most clear style, particularly if making for the primary time so you understand what it tastes like. Typically, I am going to additionally add a bit of sunshine brown sugar for a little bit of depth. Remember the anko will style totally different primarily based on the kind of sugar you employ.
  2. How can I make anko in a stress cooker or prompt pot? I am going to have a recipe for this methodology coming quickly!
  3. How lengthy does crimson bean paste final? Candy crimson bean paste will final 3-4 days saved within the fridge and for a couple of months within the freezer if saved correctly.

Find out how to Retailer Anko

As soon as cooled, switch to an air tight container and maintain refrigerated for 3-4 days. To freeze, pack it right into a freezer protected container or freezer protected ziplock bag for as much as 2 months. Guarantee there isn’t any ‘house’ between the container to forestall freezer burns.

Get pleasure from!! If you happen to make this Tsubushian recipe, let me know! Depart a remark, ranking and for those who resolve to share it on socials, tag me on instagram @Okonomikitchen. I would love to listen to from you 😁!


Tsubushian (Crushed Candy Bean Paste)

Discover ways to make Tsubushian (crushed candy bean paste), the traditional mashed Japanese crimson bean paste. This do-it-yourself recipe guides you thru creating this versatile paste, excellent for an array of conventional Japanese sweets.

  • Writer: Lisa Kitahara
  • Technique: Range prime
  • Delicacies: Japanese
  • Weight loss program: Vegan
  • 1 lbs (450 g) adzuki beans
  • 70-120% of sugar sugar
  • 1 tsp (1.1%, 5 g) salt
  • 10-12% (54 g) mizuame (water sweet), non-compulsory


  1. Put together beans: Add beans to a colander and take away any beans which might be damaged or discoloured. Gently rinse the beans between your palms.
  2. Soaking beans: extra info on soaking beans within the blogpost, however for those who resolve to soak the beans, guarantee to soak for 16-24 hours to reap the advantages of faster cooking. If skipping, pour boiling water over the beans.
  3. Eradicating bitterness (Shibukiri): Add the beans to a pot and pour in sizzling water 1 inch above the beans. Convey to a boil and warmth for 30-60 seconds (3 minutes if not soaked, or till the outer pores and skin is wrinkled).
  4. Shock with chilly water (Bikuri Mizu): Pressure the beans and plunge in a bowl of chilly water. By surprising the beans in chilly water, the beans cook dinner up plump.
  5. Repeat: Place it again right into a cleaned pot with water 3 cm above the beans and boil for 30 min. Then take away water and place in chilly water once more. Repeat as soon as extra and boil for 30 seconds (complete 3 instances).
  6. Prepare dinner the beans: Place beans again into pot and add water 1-2 inches above the beans (water ought to be about x3 quantity of beans), and produce it to a boil. Cut back to a simmer and cook dinner for about 1 – 1.5 hours, lined. Test each as soon as in awhile and add a little bit of water as wanted so that there’s water nonetheless protecting the beans. Flip off the warmth and maintain lined for 10 – Quarter-hour (steaming).
  7. Mizu Salashi: After 10 minutes, slowly pour in water a bit over ¾ of the pot. Let it relaxation for 10-Quarter-hour. Drain ⅓ of the water and not using a colander. Pour remaining right into a colander with a bowl below it. Then fastidiously carry the colander. Let the ‘go’ (cooked bits of azuki beans) sink to the underside and drain many of the extra water (complete quantity is about 250 ml for 450 g beans).
  8. Sweetened: Add the ‘go’ to a clear pot with sugar and salt. Stir, and as soon as the sugar dissolves fully, add the beans. Use a wood spatula to softly stir the beans, mashing them to your liking. As soon as it involves a boil flip of warmth and let it cool fully (in a single day). As soon as cooled, convey it to a boil after which scale back warmth to a simmer.
  9. For zenzai and oshiriko (soup-y): as soon as it’s heated, stir within the mizuame if utilizing, crush a number of the beans with a spatula to your liking after which you should utilize it instantly.
  10. For Japanese sweets  like ohagi, dorayaki, daifuku (thick): cook dinner till you’ll be able to draw a fast line on the underside of the pot with a spatula whereas mashing the beans, after which flip off the warmth. Stir within the mizuame if utilizing and as soon as it’s stirred in, take away from warmth. Switch to a baking pan or bat (Japanese cooking tray), cowl and funky. Use instantly or retailer for later use.


  • *I sometimes use about 382 g of sugar with mizuame. If omitting mizuame, add a bit extra sugar to compensate and to your liking. Substitute with 20% of brown sugar for a depth of flavour.

Key phrases: candy crimson bean paste, anko

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